Forest Ecosystems

Ecolog HomeCome discover how Haliburton Forest operates as a sustainable forest. There are many different ways to experience the forest, you may choose one opportunity or them all for the entire perspective. Your opportunities will consist of the following: going for a interpretive and identification hike, visiting the logging museum, viewing the saw mill, attending the paddle shop, hiking through the sugar bush, and participating in tree marking exercises. The experiences are unforgettable!

In 1998, Haliburton Forest was awarded the distinction of being the first Canadian forest to meet the strict guidelines set by the international Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) and thus received Canada's first Sustainable Forest Certificate, which has been renewed annually since then (FSC-C118457). This certification is recognition of Haliburton Forest's management strategy which incorporates both the social and environmental factors that impact the forest and local community. Please see for more information on the Forest Stewardship Council and the criteria and principles that are followed in order to be certified.

Interprative hikes - by Kim Higgins

Identification and Interpretive Hikes

Our experienced staff would like nothing more than to treat your students to an educational walk through the woods. Students will learn how to identify trees, plants, and even animal markings. Students will be intrigued to learn how trees impact their lives, like how Buckley's comes from Balsam Fir trees. Come let us teach your students about our 22 different tree species and their applications or uses, while hiking or biking right near base camp. 

Tree Marking – Being a Forester

Tree Marking

Students will be interested in the unique way Haliburton Forest operates a forestry business. Allow your students the opportunity to participate in single-tree selection tree marking activities to learn how trees are carefully chosen from our forest. Students will discover what role a tree plays within an ecosystem and the vigilant precautions taken while tree marking. In the end, students will have a full understanding how Haliburton Forest operates a sustainable forestry business.

Saw Mill Tours

Haliburton Forest also has a saw mill 3kms from base camp, where students can learn how the trees are processed.

Sawmill tours - by Camerson Ferguson

Students will create a more in depth understanding of the sustainable forestry operation. Pairing this saw mill tour with the other forestry activities really allows students to create a picture of the entire process, from selecting the trees to developing a product. Provide your students with the opportunity to see the starting of a natural resource to its completion.

The Paddle Shop

Haliburton Forest is a place that sees new opportunities all the time. New to the Forest is our Paddle Shop! Paddle shop tours - by Cameron FergusonThe Forest took on the paddle making process and decided it was a great way to utilize its own wood. So, don't just stop at the Saw Mill, bring your students to see an actual final product from The Forest. Students will be walked through the process of creating a paddle to understand how we develop products in a sustainable manner. Students will be surprised the amount of paddles we can create in one week. Maybe your students will leave inspired to create their own wood products? 

The Logging Museum

Inside the logging museumVisiting our Logging Museum will allow students to put into perspective the historical methods behind forestry and how Haliburton Forest has changed over the years. Students will discover how The Forest adapts to environmental and economic changes throughout time. This tour is a valuable and much needed addition to the other sustainable forest management programs.


Our Sugar Bush

In the spring, our maple trees are just bursting with sap for the production of maple syrup. Join one of our facilitation staff or our biologist for an in depth look at the creation of maple syrup. Maple syrup bucketThis is an opportunity for students to witness a food product coming directly from the forest. Students can hike or snowshoe through the sugar bush and be given a tour through the sugar shack. This is a once in a year experience that must be had by all! Don't stop there, ask about our other food productions from The Forest!


For inquires and program pricing please contact our facilitation staff at




Expectations for Grade 12

Science: Workplace
Gardening, Horticulture, Landscaping, and Forestry
SE.UBC1 - identify the general conditions necessary for healthy plant growth
SE.UBC3 – identify evidence of plant problems
SE.UBC6 – describe some common forest-management practices
SE.RC1 – describe the diversity of environments that must be maintained in order to provide habitats for a wide variety of plants
SE.RC2 – demonstrate an understanding of the variety of ways in which human populations depend on healthy plant populations
SE.RC3 – demonstrate an understanding of the role of forests as essential habitats for other plants and animals, including threatened and endangered species
SE.CR4 – analyse the social, economic, and environmental factors that determine the different approaches and methods required in forestry

Canadian and World Issues: A Geographic Analysis
Human-Environment Interactions
SE.UBS1 – explain how human-induced changes in natural systems can diminish their capacity for supporting human activity
SE.UBS3 – explain why people perceive resource use and sustainable development differently at different times and in different places

Global Connections
SE.UBC1 – identify current global sustainability issues and environmental threats

Understanding and Managing Change
SE.DPS2 – analyse trends related to the consumption of selected resources to determine the sustainability of the resources
SE.DPS3 – evaluate the role played by non-governmental organizations and local community initiatives in different parts of the world in promoting sustainable development and responsible resource management

World Geography: Human Patterns and Interactions (University Preparation)
Human-Environment Interactions
SE.BKU1 – identify examples from around the world of positive and negative effects of human activities on the natural environment
SE.DPS1 – analyse selected physical features to identify the advantages and disadvantages of intensive human use

The Environment and Resource Management
Geographic Foundations: Space and Systems
SE.BKU1 – describe selected relationships among the earth's diverse natural systems
SE.BKU4 – identify the factors that contribute to the survival of a species within an ecosystem
SE.DPS2 – explain interactions between producers, consumers, and decomposers within a selected ecosystem
SE.DPS3 – analyse how various factors contribute to the fragility and/or resilience of selected ecosystems
SE.LTA3 – analyse how the distinctive natural features of the local ecosystem interact
SE.LTA4 – illustrate how a combination of biotic and abiotic factors and processes produces a selected ecosystem

Human-Environment Interaction
SE.BKU2 – identify differences in the perceptions of nature and the views on environmental preservation of selected individuals and groups
SE.DPS1 – analyse ways in which selected human activities alter the natural environment
SE.DPS2 – explain the impact of selected land use practices on human and natural systems
SE.DPS3 – evaluate the environmental, economic, and social implications of resource dependency for various individuals or groups
SE.DPS4 – explain how various factors and processes determine the spatial distribution and short-term and long-term availability of a selected resource
SE.LTA1 – illustrate how human systems and natural systems interact within the local ecosystem
SE.LTA4 – predict the social, economic, and environmental effects of the extractions and depletions of selected resources
SE.LTS5 – estimate personal and class "ecological footprints"

Global Connections
SE.DPS5 – analyse and assess selected viewpoints regarding a sustainability or resource management issue

Understanding and Managing Change
SE.BKU2 – explain the purpose and nature of environmental-impact assessments
SE.BKU4 – analyse the environmental-protection activities of non-governmental organizations
SE.DPS1 – evaluate the environmental implications of developments in selected areas of technology
SE.DPS2 – explain ways in which we can improve our protection of natural systems while continuing to meet human needs
SE.DPS3 – explain how selected environmental protection principles and initiative could contribute to economic and environmental sustainability
SE.LTA2 – evaluate the impact on both human and natural systems of a selected environmental or resource management problem

Geomatics: Geotechnologies in Action
Human-Environment Interactions
SE.BKU1 – explain the role of geotechnologies in facilitating the efficient and responsible use of resources
SE.BKU3 – explain the role of geotechnologies in addressing human problems caused by natural environmental forces
SE.LTA1 – incorporate the use of geotechnologies into outdoor recreational activities
SE.LTA3 – use geotechnologies in studying human-environmental interactions

The Environment and Resource Management (Workplace)
Geographic Foundations: Space and Systems
SE.BKU1 – identify the earth's major resources and classify them according to their renewability
SE.BKU4 – explain the role played by producers, consumers, and decomposers in relationships among organisms
SE.LTA1 – describe a local bioregion and selected ecosystems within it and identify the biome within which it is located
SE.LTA3 – predict the effects on biodiversity of the destruction of selected natural habitats

Human-Environment Interactions
SE.BKU2 – explain ways in which people and other living organisms are dependent on the natural environment
SE.DPS3 – determine how selected human activities alter the natural environments
SE.LTA1 – describe examples of responsible environmental behaviour in aspects of daily life
SE.LTA2 – explain the main beliefs underlying a variety of perspectives on an environmental or resource management issue
SE.LTA3 – identify positive contributions humans have made to the environment

Global Connections
SE.BKU1 – explain the concept of stewardship and how it is related to the sustainability of the resources of the global commons

Understanding and Managing Change
SE.BKU1 - describe the role of ecological succession in changing natural communities
SE.BKU2 – explain why preserving large areas of natural habitat and adjoining wildlife corridors is necessary to conserve species
SE.BKU3 – compare the environmental impact of past and present methods for harvesting/extracting and processing a selected natural resource
SE.BKU5 – explain the rights and responsibilities of citizens with respect to environment and responsible and sustainable resource management
SE.DPS3 – explain how an individual, business, industry, or government has responded to environmental concerns and promoted responsible and sustainable resource management